October Edible Gardening Guide

Updated: Sep 3, 2020

Updated: September 30, 2019

Hi and thanks for checking this month's planting guide. If you are just joining the series check out the intro here: (Effortless Container Gardening: Series Intro). Otherwise, let's jump right in!

October Edible Gardening Guide

The List

Hardy Leafy Greens

Varieties: Kale, Tatsoi, Winter Lettuce, Spinach.

In most areas of the US there is still time to plant hardy leafy greens from seed. Start now for a fresh, antioxidant-rich harvest through the cooler fall months. Check out the Hortiki Plants Fall/Winter Leafy Greens Eco-friendly Seed Starting Kit. Get everything you need to start in one easy bundle.

If you don't want to start from seed, you may still find live transplants in local nurseries. Local nurseries will have varieties tailored to your local environment. Ask them about the last planting dates for your areas.

Fruit Trees

Varieties: Apple, Apricot, Banana, Citrus, Cherry, Fig, Pear, Plum, Peach, and Others.

If you have the space for fruit trees, fall is a great time to plant them. It allows the roots to get established before going dormant in the winter. This head start leads to heartier growth and better fruiting. If you live in an apartment but have a patio or balcony, look for dwarf varieties. Feeling adventurous? Consider the technique of espalier.

Espalier - Fruit Tress - Versailles Gardens. Photo Credit: Janet Eastman | The Oregonian/OregonLive; https://www.oregonlive.com/hg/index.ssf/2015/07/kitchen_garden_versailles_king.html

Espalier (pronounced is‐pal‐yah) is a french term meaning shoulder or support. In espalier, fruit trees are trained to grow flat along garden walls to make the most of small garden spaces. The invention of espalier is often credited to the Romans. Actually the technique was in use at least 700 years earlier in Africa and China. Fig trees trained flat against a wall appear in paintings in the tomb of Egyptian King Amenhotep II (1400 B.C.). It's popularity flourished in Western Europe during medieval times, and the style can still be seen on prominent historical estates, such as the Versailles gardens.

Today, espalier is considered both a horticultural technique and an art.

By training your tree you can save space and create a unique and beautiful addition to your garden. This quick guide from the University of Florida provides an overview of the technique. See below for additional examples of the many shapes you can create with patience and a good set of pruning sheers.

(Examples of Espalier Tree Patterns. Photo Credit: Chuck Ingels, University of California Cooperative Extension: http://sacmg.ucanr.edu/files/265880.pdf )

If you'd like to try growing a fruit tree indoors, consider a dwarf citrus. With enough light you can get fresh fruit without sacrificing space. If you have children or pets keep in mind most citrus trees have thorns. However, thorns can be easily cut back without damaging the tree.

Dwarf Banana plants are another fun options for indoors. Although they can grow to 10 feet, they can be kept smaller in containers. Try the Dwarf Cavendish Banana, a variety known for lush, dark green foliage. The fruit are sweet and small (approximately 4-inches) and can take a few years to start appearing. Be patient. Fruit trees are perennial and will reward you with years, or even decades of harvests with care. If you keep them in containers, they can move when you do, so don't be shy about giving them a try!

October Gardening Bonus - Flowers

Hortiki and I love to encourage you to grow an edible garden no matter how small your space. But flowering plants are beautiful and fun additions that will add vibrancy and fragrance to your small space.

Beautiful spring flowers continue to be a great investment this month. Consider annual flowers you can buy specifically for holiday blooming. Also invest in perennials you can over-winter on your balcony that will come back each year, The Hortiki Plants Shop will have a limited number of holiday bulb kits up for sale towards the end of the month. The kits are eco-friendly and feature bulb varieties that work well indoors. Sign up for the newsletter and be the first to know when they become available.

Forced Flowers for Holiday Cheer

Varieties: Amaryllis, Crocus,Daffodil, Freesia, Hyacinth, Iris, Paperwhite, Snowdrop

Pre-order flower bulbs now. Force in November and December for colorful holiday blooms. To force, keep your bulbs in a cool dark location for the next few months. When shoots start to emerge, move the containers to a warm, bright room. This will send a signal to the plants that it's time to bloom. These colorful flowers make great host and hostess gifts for holiday parties.